The Energy Conservation Act 2001 makes mandatory energy audit. States like Gujarat, Rajasthan and Kerala became power surplus after making power auditing mandatory but most of other states need to take initiative in this area.
The Energy Conservation Act (ECA) of 2001, amended in 2010 is the primary legal framework and regulatory mechanism for the Central and State government facilitate the enforcement and efficient use of energy and its conservation.
If energy auditing was made mandatory, it was possible to conserve a minimum of 10 per cent of energy amounting to nearly 20,000 MW in the Country. If this much of power was conserved, the power shortage can be tackled and the conserved energy could be used purposely.
Under the EC Act, it is mandatory for all the designated energy consumers to have energy audits carried out by an accredited energy auditor& to designate or appoint an energy manager and report annually on energy consumption.
The power shortage can be reduce and nearly 20% per cent of power wasted can be recover not only due to lack of proper energy management but also energy inefficient machinery.
So ultimately Govt. should mandatory energy audit in industries as well as buildings above 120 KVA.