Energy Efficiency in Railways implies reduction in energy utilization and by this reduction in running cost and to save nature by reduction in CO2 emission.
We must despite the fact that railway is most economical way of transportation than others hence we must focus on energy efficiency in railway sector also.
One of major point we can increase efficiency by increasing use of newer technologies in this sector.
Many new experiment are going on to develop this new technologies.
In India we have started IRIEEN to develop this projects.
- Indian Railways has been developed a Centre of Excellence on energy efficiency technologies and solutions at Indian Railway Institute of Electrical Engineering (IRIEEN), Nasik, Maharashtra. Under this project, IRIEEN has set up training and testing facilities for various machines like pumps, motors, and the solar cum wind hybrid system; performance of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, compressor systems and along with this an energy auditing instruments laboratory. IREEN has also developed computer based training (CBT) module on improving the energy efficiency of electrical appliances and equipment. The testing facilities at IREEN will be used for energy efficiency courses, for practical energy performance training and the CBT module will be used for providing training on improving the energy efficiency of appliances.
- Newly energy audit guidelines, manuals, and procedures were created for energy intensive railways operations, including production units, traction substations, workshops, production units, maintenance depots and buildings. Energy audit was undertaken for 15 facilities including railway stations, workshops, hospitals and buildings across the Indian Railways system.
- Electrical lights in 150 compartments of passenger trains were supplanted with energy efficient LED lights bringing about a decrease in maintenance expenses and and better quality of light saving.