As per the ministry of statistics electricity sector in India had the installed capacity of
284303.39 MW as of 31 Dec 2015. India of global share in electricity generation with a 4.8% is
world third largest producer of electricity.
Following table gives a detailed overview of energy generation across India.
Abbreviation:- SHP=Small Hydro Project (≤ 25 MW), BP=Biomass Power, U&I=Urban &
Industrial Waste Power, RES=Renewable Energy Sources
RES include SHP, BP, U&I, Solar and Wind Energy. Installed capacity in respect of RES (MNER)
as on 30.09.2015
Figure 2 Electricity Generation Sources in India.
During the year 2014-15, the per capita electricity generation in India was 1,010 kWh with total
electricity consumption (utilities and non-utilities) of 938.823 billion or 746 kWh per capita
electricity consumption. Electric energy consumption in agriculture was recorded highest
(18.45%) in 2014-15 among all countries. Of the 1.4 billion people in the world who have no
access to electricity, India accounts for over 300 million. India’s Central Electricity Authority
anticipated, for the 2015–16 fiscal year, a base load energy deficit and peaking shortage to be
2.1% and 2.6% respectively. Southern and North Eastern regions are anticipated to face energy
shortage up to 11.3%.
Figure 3 Electricity Consumption in India (2013-14)
India needs to sustain a GDP growth rate of over 9% per annum over the next two decades in
order to eliminate poverty. Energy consumption will need to grow at a commensurate pace for
such a GDP growth. With current energy demand in country the estimated potential for energy
saving during peak hours is over 10,000 MW. The need for efficient use of resources energy
conservation assumes significance and must be an integral part of the policy tools. Government
of India has undertaken a two pronged approach to cater to the energy demand of its citizens as
well as conserving energy.
On one hand in the generation side, the Government is promoting greater use of renewable in
the energy mix mainly through solar and wind and at the same time shifting towards
supercritical technologies for coal based power plants. On the other side, efforts are being made
to efficiently use the energy in the demand side through various innovative policy measures
under the overall ambit of Energy Conservation Act 2001.
Ministry of Power, through Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), has initiated a number of energy
efficiency initiatives in the areas of household lighting, commercial buildings, standards and
labelling of appliances, demand side management in agriculture/municipalities, SME’s and large
industries including the initiation of the process for development of energy consumption norms
for industrial sub sectors, capacity building of SDA’s etc. The target of energy savings against
these schemes during the XI plan period was kept 10,000 MW of avoided generation capacity.
These initiatives have resulted in an avoided capacity generation of 10836 MW during the XI